It Takes a Villain

overdose mapIt Takes a Villain … authored by Merlyn Karst

Definitions of villain generally contain the word evil. Evil is called malicious, causing misfortune, and harm. Villainy is the state of being evil. In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology “good and evil” constitute a very common dichotomy. Evil is usually considered to be the opposite of good, in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated. Over the years the war on drugs has evidenced this common dichotomy. There are good drugs and bad drugs.  There is danger in taking drugs that are used just to feel good or not feel at all. How the drugs are used is what can make them bad. Walt Kelly’s cartoon character Pogo once said., “We have met the enemy, and he is us.” No blame, no shame. We need information and education.

We are now facing an opioid epidemic. The misuse and abuse of a beneficial drug has created a national crisis.  Through ignorance and/or subterfuge we ignored known brain science that told us of the possibility—if not probability—of the addictive nature of opiates.   In1996, Purdue introduced OxyContin, time released oxycodone, for chronic pain patients—marketed as non-addictive.  The rest is history and history is still being tragically made.  Sam Quinones is the author of Dreamland—The True Tale of America’s Opiate Epidemic. In the book, He chronicles the history about prescription drugs and destroyed communities that brought us to this crisis. Quinonus recently testified to the Senate Health, Education Labor and Pensions committee. He emphasized that solutions lay within communities and counties. He spoke of opportunities to deal with incarceration as an opportunity treat addicts. Most importantly he spoke of recruiting persons and families to share of the power of their stories to overcome stigma associated with addiction.

We know that as prescription pills become harder to get and more expensive, black tar heroin from Mexico becomes readily available. Now illicit drugs and synthetics like Fentanyl are linked to more overdoses than any other drug, including painkillers. Ironically, the availability of a “good” drug, Nalaxone HCI (NARCAN), can prevent overdose deaths. There are professionals with knowledge of the science of addiction who can prescribe appropriate drugs. Methadone, buprenorphine, naloxone, and naltrexone can all be effective in treating opioid addiction.  Medications are often an important part of treatment, but essential to be combined with behavioral therapies. All lead to the essential ability to think clearly and responsibly. Recovery from addiction leads to physical and mental well-being and alternatives to prolonged medicinal drug use.

Previously and presently, there are stories from Ohio and elsewhere showing community councils and coalitions are fighting back. These stories have the power to persuade us to give full attention and that must action be taken.  Crisis presents opportunity.  It has been written that it takes a village to raise a child. For our children and all of us, all the nation’s villages must face and overcome the crisis of the evil that is drug misuse and addiction. In the Colorado Betty Ford Children’s Program, illustrated books for children, portray addiction as a scary villainous character that destroys families.  We must defeat the villains who provide drugs and the villainy that may result in death. Armies have been raised to fight real or perceived evil. We gather by the thousands to march against whom and what we perceive as evil. We identify or invent villains. From these marches may emerge a movement.  It should be noted: A march does not a movement make. Marches provide dynamics, but movements provide policies and purpose Faces and Voices of Recovery, and Young People in Recovery, national organizations, represent a movement involving millions in or seeking long-term recovery.  Perseverance and sustainability are critical to individuals and to these movements.

The recent Congressional agreement will increase funding for the National Institutes of Health by $2 billion and raise spending meant to address the opioid and mental health crisis by $6 billion over the next two years. We should know what other evil drugs are being developed by other lab villains.  Our Colorado “villages” are populated with agencies and persons with knowledge about effective use of funds, at the local level. Funds—not trickled down, but a long and dependable flow down— with fiscal oversight and with few ties that bind. The plan includes public prevention programs, and law enforcement activities related to Substance use disorder (SUD) under mental health programs. Critical to sustainability will be the need the long-term benefit of shared lived experience of peers in recovery and recovery support services.  There are resources available along the front-range who provide Peer Coach training leading to a Colorado Peer and Family Specialist Certification (CPFS). Among those are: Peer Coach Academy, Advocates for Recovery, and Springs Recovery Connection. The economic and social value is immeasurable.   We can defeat the villainy of drug addiction but movements need motivation and motion. So—let’s roll.





Where There is Will, There are Ways

merlyn beaconwritten by Merlyn Karst

The always present and pervasive question: Is drug addiction a mental illness? Yes, because addiction changes the brain in fundamental ways, disturbing a person’s normal hierarchy of needs and desires and substituting new priorities connected with procuring and using the alcohol and/or other drugs. The resulting compulsive behaviors that override the ability to control those behaviors result in repeated but ignored consequences. Scientists weigh in. Brain imaging studies from drug-addicted individuals show physical changes in areas of the brain that are critical to judgment, decision-making, learning and memory, and behavior control. The recognized mental health issue is known and medically recognized as a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). In 2008, The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) was passed by Congress. Foundational in its language and acceptance was recognition of addiction as a successfully treatable disorder when accompanied by recovery support.

When considering addiction in all its forms, too often there will be little understanding and a lot of blame and shame. The many voices say it’s about willpower. It is said addicts are lazy; have a moral failing; on their own, have the ability to turn their lives around; care only for themselves.  And on and on—sound familiar?  Familiar it may be, but so very wrong.  A strong will is important. Addiction takes it away—and it can be recovered.  Addiction is “a biologically based brain disease, like major depression,” explains Michael Weaver, MD, medical director of the Center for Neurobehavioral Research on Addiction at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston. “But willpower and resolve can play important roles in helping people overcome cravings.” The most important thing you need to know about willpower is this: “You can nurture and strengthen it if you tend to it in the right ways. Having the willpower to change behavior takes learning, practice and support.” The advent of medically assisted recovery is now playing a major role in overcoming craving that allows the brain to function normally and take advantage of “learning, practice, and support.” The key to finding the positives in a recovering person using willpower for good comes from peers in recovery and recovery community support. With help, hope and support, the will to recover can prevail.


A Peer Recovery Coach has struggled with the same challenges a person with SUD has and succeeded in meeting them with hope and health—and with that positive will and self-control the person would like to have.  The Peer Coach has value to offer through “lived experience.” He/she has, no doubt, suffered the shame and guilt that accompanies addiction and keeps the person trapped in a destructive and sometimes fatal SUD. A peer coach is a helpful guide to a recovering person’s life of accountability, responsibility, and well-being.  Yes, where there is a will, there is a way.  True, and if there is will, there are many ways to recovery.  Biblically speaking: seek and ye shall find.


So, having one’ s willpower restored and using it to change behavior, does take “learning, practice, and support.” In early recovery, as they investigate the many paths to recovery,  “newcomers” are encouraged to look outside of themselves for a power greater than themselves. Fortunately, many hear this in a place of safety and comfort—surrounded by fellowship and ritual.  They quickly realize the importance of learning from those with lived experience and hearing and feeling the power of their stories.  From this will come the courage and confidence to change.  They will also receive a generous infusion of hope. Where will is an informed and functional part of the brain, there are many paths to change. Merlyn Karst

National Peer Credential NAADAC Offer

Peer Recovery Support Credential: Test-Exemption Offer
The National Certification Commission for Addiction Professionals (NCC AP) is excited to announce an opportunity for qualified individuals to apply for the Nationally Certified Peer Recovery Support Specialist national credential based on their already demonstrated competence, skill, training, and experience without testing through December 31, 2018.

Nationally Certified Peer Recovery Support Specialists are individuals who are in recovery from substance use or co-occurring mental health disorders. Their life experiences and recovery allow them to provide recovery support in such way that others can benefit from their experiences.

Take advantage of this limited time offer by visiting the NAADAC website at This one-time test-exemption offer is available from January 15, 2018 through December 31, 2018.

The NAADAC/NCC AP National Certified Peer Recovery Support Specialist (NCPRSS) Code of Ethics outlines basic values and principles of peer recovery support practice. This Code serves as a guide for – responsibility and ethical standards for NCC AP National Certified Peer Recovery Support Specialists. Peer Recovery Support Specialists have a responsibility to help persons in recovery achieve their personal recovery goals by promoting self-determination, personal responsibility, and the empowerment inherent in self-directed recovery. Peer Recovery Support Specialists shall maintain high standards of personal conduct, and conduct themselves in a manner that supports their own recovery. Peer Recovery Support Specialists shall serve as advocates for the people they serve. Peer Recovery Support Specialists shall not perform services outside of the boundaries and scope of their expertise, shall be aware of the limits of their training and capabilities, and shall collaborate with other professionals and Recovery Support Specialists to best meet the needs of the person(s) served. Peer Recovery Support Specialists shall preserve an objective and ethical relationship at all times. This credential does not endorse, suggest or intent that a Peer Recovery Support Specialist will serve independently. The Peer Recovery Support Specialist shall only work under supervision.

As a Peer Recovery Support Specialist, I will:

1. Agree to maintain a minimum of two (2) clinical supervision sessions per month totally at least 2 hours of documented clinical supervision.

2. Accurately identify my qualifications, expertise, and certifications to all whom I serve and to the public.

3. Conduct myself in accordance with the NCC AP NCPRSS Code of Ethics.

4. Make public statements or comments that are true and reflect current and accurate information.

5. Remain free from any substances that affect my ability and capacity to perform my duties as a Peer Recovery Support Specialist.

6. Recognize personal issues, behaviors, or conditions that may impact my performance as a NCPRSS.

7. Maintain regular supervision and ongoing support so I have a person with whom I can address challenging personal issues, behaviors, or conditions that may negatively effect my own recovery. I understand that misconduct may result in the suspension of my credentials.

8. Respect and acknowledge the professional efforts and contributions of others and not declare or imply credit as my own. If involved in research, I shall give credit to those who contribute to the research.

9. Maintain required documentation for and in all client records as required by my agency or the Federal requirements making certain that records are documented honestly and stored securely. Agency disposal of records policies shall be adhered to.

10. Protect the privacy and confidentiality of persons served in adherence with Federal Confidentiality, HIPPA laws, local jurisdiction and state laws and regulations. This includes electronic privacy standards (Social Media, Texting, Video Conferencing etc).

11. Use client contact information in accordance with agency policy.

12. Not to create my own private practice.

As a Peer Recovery Support Specialist, I will:

13. Reveal any perceived conflict of interest immediately to my professional supervisor and remove myself from the peer recovery support specialist relationship as required.

14. Disclose any existing or pre-existing professional, social, or business relationships with person(s) served. I shall determine, in consultation with my professional supervisor, whether existing or pre-existing relationships interfere with my ability to provide peer support services person(s) served.

15. Inform clients of costs of services as established by the agency for which I am employed and not charge person served beyond fees established.

16. I will not sponsor individuals with whom I have previously served or currently serve as a Peer Recovery Support Specialist.

As a Peer Recovery Support Specialist, I will:

17. Clearly explain my role and responsibilities to those serve.

18. Terminate the relationship with a person(s) served when services appear no longer of benefit and to respect the rights of the person served to terminate services at his/her request.

19. Request a change in my role as a NCPRSS with a person being served if the person served requests a change.

20. Not engage in sexual activities or personal relationships with persons served in my role as a NCPRSS, or members of the immediate family of person(s) served.

21. Set clear, appropriate, and culturally sensitive boundaries with all persons served.

22. If at any point I feel I am unable to meet any of these requirements, I will immediately cease performance as a Peer Recovery Support Specialist and seek professional assistance.

Telephone Recovery Support

TRS Biz Card

Peer Coach Academy Colorado has acquired a recovery support program initiated by CCAR in 2008 named Telephone Recovery Support- TRS. It is a simple strategy inviting volunteers on both sides of the initiative. Confidentiality and person-centered approaches are at the heart of TRS.

  1. Volunteers are recruited, screened, and briefly trained to provide supportive check-ins to people who are new to living in recovery. They inquire, encourage, support, discuss resources and options, and refer to services when appropriate. They will provide a 1 x weekly call for 12 weeks.
  2. Recoverees request TRS when they are newly entering recovery perhaps after leaving outpatient or residential treatment, or jail, or beginning their recovery journey without supports. They will receive a 1 x weekly call and can determine the best time and day of the week to be contacted. Recoverees can opt out at any time from the service or ask to extend if is having helpful effect.

PCA maintains privacy and uses first names only with volunteers and recoverees. PCA staff manages the personal information of both the volunteers and the recoverees. We maintain communication of personal information prior to calls utilizing  HIPAA-compliant online application  mTx (m Treatment) a locally sourced innovative electronic medical record app. We look forward to continued collaboration with this forward looking program.

PCA and TRS are dedicated to created an outreach arm that can be accessed by both rural and urban locations as well as connecting helpers with people who are asking for help. Give a little love- get a little love.

Recovery Support Following Overdose and Other Medical Emergencies


Missing in the media coverage of the unrelenting legions of drug overdose deaths in the United States is an equally important but less heralded story. What subsequently happens to people who experience a drug overdose but are successfully rescued through emergency medical intervention? What is their fate after they leave the hospital or other emergency care setting? New grassroots recovery community organizations (RCOs) are collaborating with first responders and hospitals to influence such outcomes.

The Connecticut Community for Addiction Recovery (CCAR) is one of several hundred recovery advocacy and recovery support organizations (RCOs) rising on the American landscape in the last two decades. One of the first RCOs, CCAR pioneered what have since become standard RCO service fare: recovery-focused professional and public education, legislative advocacy, recovery community centers, recovery celebration walks and conferences, recovery support groups, training for recovery home operators, face-to-face and telephone-based recovery support services, family-focused recovery education and support services, and collaboration with research scientists on the evaluation of the effects of peer support on long-term recovery outcomes. As an example of its reach, CCAR’s Recovery Coach Academy curriculum has been used in the training of more than 20,000 recovery coaches in more than 33 states and in such countries as Sweden, Vietnam, Canada, and Spain.

CCAR began piloting an Emergency Department Recovery Coach (EDRC) Program in March of 2017. Through this program, CCAR-trained recovery coaches are on-call for hospital emergency rooms to offer assistance to patients and their families during an emergency room visit resulting from an adverse drug reaction or other alcohol- or other drug-related medical crisis. An evaluation of EDRC services provided between March and November 2017 within four collaborating hospitals revealed the following. CCAR-trained recovery coaches provided recovery support services to 534 patients/families during the 8-month evaluation period with a relatively even distribution of services provided across the four hospitals. Of those served by the EDRC, the majority were in the ER due to an alcohol- or opioid-related condition; 70% were male; and 5% were seen more than once during the evaluation period. Most importantly, of the 534 people interviewed, 528 were assertively linked to a detoxification program, inpatient or outpatient treatment, or community-based recovery support resources.

A more formal and sustained evaluation of the EDRC program is underway in collaboration with Yale University, and the program is now being expanded to an additional four hospitals. Funding support for the EDRC comes from the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services through support of the federal block grant and a Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis Grant from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

CCAR’s EDRC program has many distinct features worthy of replication and local refinement. Among the more striking of such features are the following.

* The EDRC program is governed by a formal agreement between CCAR and each participating hospital that delineates the roles and responsibilities of each party.

* The EDRC program is currently staffed by one Recovery Coach Manager and 9 full-time Recovery Coaches (RCs).

* Emergency Department Recovery Coaches (EDRCs) are recruited and screened (2 interviews with background and reference checks) based on desired experience, skills, and a good work history, but also for what our EDRC manager, Jennifer Chadukiewicz, calls “a servant’s heart.”

* All EDRCs go through more than 60 hours of training and spend the first weeks shadowing tenured EDRCs. The training includes the CCAR Recovery Coach Academy© (30 hours) as well as topical trainings, e.g., Narcan (naloxone administration), medication-assisted recovery, ethical decision-making, crisis intervention, and conflict resolution. Hospital specific training includes such areas as fire/general safety, OSHA, blood borne pathogens, infection control, hazardous materials, and HIPPA regulations.

* EDRC Recovery Coaches are employed by CCAR rather than the hospitals and enter the hospitals as service vendors and “guests” who defer to leadership of ER staff.

* The RCs are paid a livable wage ($20-$25/hr. to start plus benefits, health insurance, etc.) that allows them to work full time and support themselves and their families while affording time away for rest and self-care.

* EDRC coverage is provided from 8 am to 12 midnight, seven days a week, 365 days a year.

* Patients have the option of enrollment in enhanced Telephone Recovery Support (TRS) program (i.e., patients receive daily support calls for the next 10 days and then weekly if desired).

* EDRC’s provide assertive linkage and transportation (when needed) to treatment and recovery support resources.

* The EDRCs spend considerable time with community providers and other stakeholders building collaborative relationships that facilitate this patient referral and service linkage process.

* CCAR provides each hospital emergency department with “prescription pad” style resource handouts that can be attached to discharge paperwork and given to patient friend/family member.

There are critical windows of vulnerability and opportunity within addiction and recovery careers that serve to plunge one deeper into addiction or mark the catalytic beginning of a recovery process. The reversal of a drug overdose or treatment of other drug-related medical crises can constitute a recovery tipping point.

The emergency room is not the only critical point of potential intervention to reduce the risk of drug-related deaths and to promote addiction recovery. For persons with a history of addiction, the days and weeks immediately following release from a correctional facilityrelease from an inpatient or residential detoxification/treatment program without medication support, or cessation of medication-assisted treatment, and even transfer from one medication-assisted treatment provider to another all constitute a zone of heightened risk for re-initiation of risky drug use and death. Altering such risks and tipping the scales toward recovery stabilization, recovery maintenance, and enhanced quality of personal/family life in long-term recovery should be the goals of every community. Recovery community organizations like CCAR are showing us how this can be done.

Phil Valentine Insights

‘Substance Abuse’ – I Kill You

 phil valentine

Phil “Right Click” Valentine Recovery established 12.28.87 reposted from

I long for the day when the term ‘substance abuse’ is permanently dropped from our lexicon. If it’s in your vocabulary, I implore you, I plead with you, I appeal to your decency. kill it. Please don’t utter those two words together ever again.


First, the term ‘substance abuse’ is not technically accurate. Back in the late 80’s, I had given up alcohol on my own, but when offered a snort of cocaine, I had no internal defense. My cocaine addiction soon ran rampant. It’s still frightening to think about 30 years later. And even though I was snorting massive quantities, I never once abused the substance.


At all times, I knew where my cocaine was. I protected it fiercely. I kept it well- groomed, clean and close by. I loved my substance completely and unconditionally.


I never, ever hit it. Not once did I assault it. In fact, I don’t think I ever yelled at it.


Given this context, can you see the absurdity in calling addiction ‘substance abuse’?


Second there is a deeper issue. No one describes it better than my colleague and friend, Bill White.


“Of the words used to describe addiction and recovery, the ‘abuse’ terms are among the most ill-chosen and pernicious. Terms such as alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and substance abuse all spring from religious and moral conceptions of the roots of severe alcohol and other drug problems. They define the locus of the problem in the willful choices of the individual, denying how that power can be compromised, denying the power of the drug, and denying the culpability of those whose financial interests are served by promoting and increasing the frequency and quantity of drug consumption. To refer to people who are addicted as alcohol, drug, or substance abusers misstates the nature of their condition and calls for their social rejection, sequesterization, and punishment.”


To carry Bill’s perspective a bit further.


“It’s easy to abuse the abuser.”


I wish I had come up with this line but that credit goes to Bob Curley who wrote an article for Join Together many years ago titled, “Wrong” Words Used to Define, Defame Addiction and Recovery. It is a powerful piece. Think about where the term abuse is used most commonly – child abuse, domestic abuse and sexual abuse. Don’t they all have a heavy, dark connotation? Does substance abuse fit with these?


Killing ‘substance abuse’ isn’t going to be easy. This harsh undertone exists at the highest of government levels. SAMHSA lives under Health and Human Services.


Know what SAMHSA stands for? Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration. The federal government chose a damaging term (substance abuse) to lead the title of the most powerful recovery agency followed by a much more positive term (mental health). No wonder that people struggling with addiction are vilified and demonized. Just to emphasize this point, under SAMHSA control are CSAT and CSAP, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment and Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.


All is not lost however. We have made some progress in the last few years. The DSM-5, short for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) eliminated the word ‘abuse’ that had appeared in prior editions. It used to be substance use, misuse and abuse as your disease progressed.


We can all become part of the solution. First, if you find these words emanating from your mouth, stop them. Mimic Achmed the Dead Terrorist. Say to yourself, “Substance Abuse – I Kill You.”


The real challenge will surface when you hear someone else using the term. Will you politely, kindly and firmly offer a challenge?

In 2015, I finished a thru-hike of the entire Appalachian Trail, a trek of 2,189.2 miles. It took 189 days and 6 pairs of boots. During all that time alone with my Creator, my purpose in life

became more precisely defined. I am, sim  ly, to coach recovery. Recovery saved me from an

early demise and brought purpose to my tattered life. I have learned that I’m a coach to my very core. I am blessed to put the two together. I started work at the Connecticut Community for Addiction Recovery (CCAR) in 1999. I became the Executive Director of this recovery community organization in 2004. I have trained the CCAR Recovery Coach Academy© dozens of times and have a hand in modifying, improving and adapting various recovery coach curricula. I’m old enough now to start considering my legacy. This is a way for me to share things I have learned in my recovery, in my role as Executive Director and a trainer. I find that when I speak I present the same messages over and over. It’s time to write them down.



Capitalism—A Path to Addiction Recovery 


The resources (social, physical, human and cultural), which are necessary to begin and maintain recovery from substance use disorder. (Best & Laudet, 2010Cloud &   Granfield, 2008)img_0572

 written by Merlyn Karst

No, this is not a column written for publication by a financial journal. It is, however, intended to address another form of capital investment. It is about the importance of accrual of recovery capital in overcoming addiction to alcohol and other drugs. It is an investment that pays big dividends. To me, accrued recovery capital is retained in heart and mind and is readily available for withdrawal for the benefit of the individual and others. Following is some insight to what that means. Alcoholism, with other drug addictions, has long been recognized as a disease of mind and body. It is now recognized as a mental health issue and a substance use disorder (SUD). SUD is negatively progressive, leading to pain, misery, and death. Recovery is positively progressive, leading to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

I note that mental health journals have long supported the recovery approach that emphasizes and supports a person’s potential for recovery. Recovery is seen in this journey as personal. It is one that may involve developing hope, a secure base and sense of empowerment, social inclusion, coping skills, self-supportive relationships and meaning. The growing emphasis and support for trained recovery coaches and peer and recovery support services will assist the individual to pursue and accrue recovery capital. Incidentally, we can’t forget the importance of prevention education, focused on the youth. Through family and community involvement and attention beyond financial needs, contributions will be made to virtual long-term health savings accounts that benefit society as a whole.

In a recent blog, Bill White, pioneer and on-going author in the recovery movement, said: “There is a difference between the prevention of illness and the promotion, achievement, and transcendence of wellness.” He also wrote about a shift to the positives in Recovery Management (RM) and to me it supported this emphasis on accruing recovery capital and enjoying the recovery dividends.  I was reminded of a song that suggested we accentuate the positive, eliminate the negative, and don’t mess with what may be between.

White further says: “ The RM shift might be cast as ‘recovering from’ to ‘recovering to’ with the potential for a process of discovery that transcends the recovery experience—a journey traversing from, to, and beyond. The prepositions here are important. We should build on what has been learned within relapse prevention research and practice while focusing on what makes us come alive rather than on what we most fear. At its most practical level, RP (Relapse Prevention) [sic] and RM are distinguished by a focus on what is not wanted versus what is desired, e.g., debt counseling versus wealth management, disease management (symptom suppression) versus recovery management (facilitation of healing and wholeness), marriage counseling versus marriage enrichment, a focus on correcting defects of character versus expanding character assets, interests, and social contributions. RP might be thought of as “vulnerability (demon) management”; RM might be thought of as “potential management” (e.g., the cultivation and management of a pleasurable, engaged, meaningful, and contributing life).”

Millions in the nation have enjoyed the gains from investment in the stock market. We would hope it is recognized that pension funds, 401Ks, insurance, and annuity accounts have benefited. Twenty three million plus are experiencing long-term recovery and the benefits of accumulated recovery capital. In general, the social and economic benefits of investment in recovery from addiction and accumulation of recovery capital is almost immeasurable, but it is huge. There are enormous costs involved in natural disasters and a recent report suggests our human disaster that is the opiate crisis may cost over $500 billion. This includes loss of productivity, always a factor for employers who have employees with health issues as a result of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use. Human capital can grow through attention to supporting those who seek to gain recovery from addiction and related health issues. Growing recovery capital increases their economic and social value to the employer and the community.

 Bill White’s blogs can be found elsewhere on this site. The one mentioned in the above can be found in The Recovery Resource Library. The title: Relapse Prevention, Recovery Management, Recovery Transcendence.